During March 2021 three test campaigns were performed making tests 4048 to 4051 using the fusion chamber ERC-39.
In the last test number 4051, it was read an average radiation measurement of 21.2 millivolts instead of 0.262 to 0.293mV measured in previous tests. The measurement is done using a broadband high-speed photodiode at a 50 ohms load. In order to avoid saturating the photodiode, a black body filter is inserted that reduces the energy received to 1/15000
Here is the plot result without loss reduction. It was used a 4GHz 12bit oscilloscope. Channel 1 corresponds to the photodiode sensor:
And here is the plot corresponding to the famous S4051 test. Channel 2 and 3 are connected to two magnetic sensors capable to measure up to 100 kiloteslas:
The useful effect was advised the first time after processing the high-speed video sequences. As can be seen in the test S4050 a lot of energy is wasted. That does not happens in the $052 test:
The measured results of two tests T3073 and T3074 performed in 28 August, 2020 are presented in this paper. Tests are conducted in the z-pinch type nuclear fusion reactor Pulsotron-3 with the target loaded with Hydrogen-Boron (H+B11) thermonuclear fuel. A group of Energy Recovery Coils (ERCs) were mounted to recover the electric energy directly from the plasma for the first time in the world and ERCs stored the energy in several large capacitors. During the test T3073 and T3074 the energy recovery capacitors recovered 22.59% and 17.74% of the injected energy at the target. A magnetic sensor MAG-4 consisting of inductor coils and dipoles were installed in Pulsotron-3 to measure the Time Of Flight (TOF) of the plasma and the magnetic field generated due to nuclear fusion. Magnetic fields more than 4 megateslas are obtained during the two tests. It is also observed that Pulsotron-3 with the target loaded with thermonuclear fuel generated 20-34 times larger peak magnetic fields and 12-18 times larger stabilized magnetic fields compare to the tests done using unloaded target (dummy loads). In this proposed technology Pulsotron-3 utilizes thermonuclear fuel to generate clean electric power without CO2 footprint and reduce the operational cost.
Low resolution and high-speed capture made during the test
During February it was built and tested two new configurations: The spectacular coil tower ERC34 and the ERC39. It must be advised that every configuration usually is very different from the other. It was made tests S4044, S4045, S4046, and S4047 in four test campaigns.
Both combustion chambers successfully survived without any damage to the tests.
Also, new magnetic sensors were built using inox steel cases
As can be seen, the spectacular blast happens just after plasma compression. The energy is recovered using coils.
The test was done in order to check magnetic mirrors using the ERC-27B chamber that survived but a small plastic part was unglued due the ERC body that is made using 4.5mm aluminum thick inflates like a balloon during some milliseconds during the plasma ball expansion
The new chamber ERC-27 was tested using nuclear fuel and also magnetic mirrors. In test 4037 performed last week the chamber was damaged but could be repaired. Then it was repaired and made a second test, then the ERC-27 survived but not the launcher that is used to close the switch that was blown. The generated energy was 25% lower but it could be measured the magnetic field that blown the last record that is now over 10.5 Megateslas, but it can not be measured accurately because that it was 282% higher than the maximum level of the sensor and also higher than the scope scale. During 3.8 microseconds it was established the field over 2.5 Megateslas at the nuclear fuel surface, and also 35 kiloteslas at a larger distance.
It was tested in the ERC-21 chamber. It recovered 11 times more energy than test 4032 (test 4033 destroyed the ERC-22 so it was not measured). The test was repeated in test 4035 with a small improvement in the grounding, so it was improved the energy recovery by another 24% but the chamber suffered a small crack that must be repaired.
In test 4036, it was tested using thermonuclear fuel and magnetic mirrors using the chamber ERC-24, as a result, the pressure was about 20 times higher and the ERC-24 was blown away. It is very clear that thermonuclear fuel and magnetic mirrors generate a great fusion reaction, but the chamber must be reinforced
The engineers of Advanced Ignition SL were frustrated after the last tests, which only burned 5% of the injected fuel, and the energy generated was only 50% of the injected fuel.
The engineers introduced a new electro-optical resonance device system in the reactor that rejigged the entire process. The discovery allows them to increase the magnetic field 20-times and plays a pivotal role in nuclear fusion.
In a press release, Advanced Ignition SL said Pulsotron-3 led to a positive result. Pulsotron-3 demonstrated that the only way to overcome the 5-megateslas of the magnetic field is, to use the nuclear fusions and create another magnetic field.
It aligns the reactions to the reactor axis instead of spreading them randomly in the three axes.
According to the company’s press release, it facilitated the reduction in damaged parts and recovered the energy. After this, the new resonance system was included in the new chamber named ERC-22. Soon, fusion engineer Javier Luis Lopez mounted it over the Pulsotron-4’s capacitor bank and also charged in the chamber a tiny amount of nuclear fuel to carry out his experiment.
The capacitor bank was then slowly charged to its maximum capacity. This, however, must be done slowly after the last breakdown that avoids charging at top speed. The countdown soon began with the system switched on, and Oscilloscopes and Cameras were also fitted.
As a result, the most powerful blast was done in a fusion device which was about 40 times higher than expected. It was so powerful that it destroyed almost all the structures over the capacitor bank of the reactor.
The ERC-22 chamber was broken into small parts that were thrown against the fusion reactor structures making them generate a short circuit. Dozens of small pieces were projected again in the reactor shield that efficiently contained the blast.
As a result of the blast, almost all the structure over the capacitor bank was blown accounting for 40% of the Pulsotron-4 parts. The only explanation for the big blast is that almost all the nuclear fuel is burnt.
As a secondary result, the energy recovered was very low. As the used energy recovery coil was intentionally left out of the axis of the reactor, so with the right alignment, it can collect most of the electric energy.
To avoid that the pulsed energy generation destroys again the reactor the next combustion chamber will be thick and made of hard metal similar to truck cylinders as long as they will move large trucks. The market of truck engines is calculated 185 billion euros/year only in Europe.
While world fusion reactors suffer from lack of fusion generation, Pulsotron beats, again and again, the energy recovery records and generates pulses of million amps and generates blast 40 times higher than the injected energy.
Now it is time to control and collect that energy in a safe, clean, cheap and powerful fusion generator.
The volatilised ERC-22 will be replaced by combustion chambers ERC-23 and 24 that are now waiting for testing.
The next combustion chamber, ERC-27A and B are being built now and will be used to avoid any delay to have commercial reactors in the 400 kilowatts to 3.5 megawatts range.
With the discovery, Advanced Ignition reactors can generate enough power to accelerate its introduction in the market. Its utility may be seen at an electric-car charging station, desalination plants pumps, large trucks and Container ships.
The building, installing and adapting the Pulsotron reactors only in electric mobility will create 1.3 million jobs, will fill the shipyards with ships to be transformed and will further develop the heavy industry.
The Spanish startup Advanced Ignition SL operates the fusion reactors Pulsotron-3 and 4. Pulsotron-3 holds at present the world energy recovery record of 88% using a fusion reactor. They are focalized on improving the energy recovery to 200% and also selling turnkey investigation reactors. The company is located in Spain but can move to another country that needs to recover its industry and create jobs.
Pulsotron-4 is the only project to reduce to zero the world CO2 emissions in the short term.
Several tests using several recovery coils mounted on chamber ERC-16. The test S4027 that was equal to S4026 recovered 10% more energy. It was installed nonaligned electrooptical mirrors in test S4029 using ERC16. It was generated large internal pressure dismantling the mirrors.
It was tested the samples S4022-24 using ERC19 and samples S4025 and 26 using ERC16.
The test S4022 went wrong due to the scope setup used in the previous ones and the data was lost, so the test was repeated at test S4023 but the copper part of the ERC (electric recovery coil) that recovers planar electric waves made a short circuit and produced a blast during the charging of the main capacitor bank that had to be aborted, then it was repaired using a piece of paperboard and made the test but only 3.6% of the energy was recovered. It was repeated (test S4024) but exactly the same amount of energy was recovered.
Then it was placed on Pulsotron-4 the old ERC-16 with only two recovery coils to test what is better, one of them was built using a plumber torch joining several pieces of copper. As a result, I burn my hand as I am not expertise using the torch but doesn’t matter because 82.99% of the injected energy was recovered but one of the ERCs was not well fixed and was blown away. In test S4026 the ERC was fixed improving results to 114.43% that is good because is the first time that more energy is recovered than injected, but it is even better that there is a lot more room for improvements.
As long as the magnetic sensors hinder the energy recovery tests, they were removed