It was tested charging and discharging, measured the capacitance.
Also, it was made an unloaded target shot that was performed at 100% of the capacitor bank capacity.
The image resolution is low due it was taken using a high-speed camera. It can be seen the detonation of the reactor after the compression. In the early tests of the Pulsotron-1A and 1B Z-pinch machines, some confinement chamber survived to the discharge and could be reused, but it was impossible after overcoming 60 gigapascal pressure.
In the test it was checked some safety systems and also it was acquired the shot performance but the time scale must be modified next time. A lot of jobs must be done before making a loaded test as install radiation sensors, another acquisition system to have enough channels. Also, it will be needed to check the simulations.
Some scientists pointed out the possibility that the discharge could be performed in air, so we usually install optical and electromagnetic sensors that measure the plasma ball dimensions during the discharge. These sensors must be installed in the new machine.
A specific energy sensor is designing now to allow measure the radiated energy including alpha, photons from infrared to ultraviolet and low energy X rays
It was finished the structure of Pulsotron-3. It was connected to the HV controller. Also, it was done load test at 20% and discharge test.
Remote measurement system OK also
It must be installed the remote firing system and the target fixture
Miranda reactor is at 32%. We have one of the capacitor banks and the reactor body was built at Zaragoza Spanish University. They needed 2 months and 6 failed reactor bodies to build the final body. We needed to simulate 970000 reactors to decide what was the best of them to be built. It is a magnetic confinement reactor that uses extremely very high density and temperature plasma. Miranda reactor is a totally new reactor with no tokamak shape that allows confining 750keV plasma and also 3.3MeV alpha particles
There is a collection of reactors that could generate ignition in different configurations
The last one is designed to try confination of 100% of the alpha particles to make a more useful and compact reactor without external energy harvesting coils, but a lot of new simulations will be done to see if it is possible. This is the result of simulation of the new SIX reactor
In order to sustain the reaction, it is needed to generate more energy than injected. one method is using created alpha particles to heat up the fuel. As long as >2.2MeV particles are very difficult to confine, only a few of them remain inside, so the confinement must be increased.
A solver is used over a simulator to simulate Tokamak devices to look for the possibility to use them in aneutronic fusions in the combustion chamber of the Miranda reactors.
In order to do that a giant magnetic field must be used to confine 550keV particles.
In order to simulate thousand configurations, it is used 4 threads over C++ with improvements like using elliptic integrals to increase the simulation speed
The reactor cross-section divided by collision probability is too high so a lot of simulations must be run to increase the performance.
It is improved the Aeff that is the averaged reactor section by using the “23 fellow system”, which involved to generate vectors of parameters with a variation between them using genetic algorithm but when having more than 23 vectors the worst of them is erased, then the percentage of variation is reduced every time a new vector is obtained as a variation of the 23 fellows.
After 10 kilosimulations of different Tokamaks structures with 4 to 12 toroidal coils are been simulated. Thanks to the 23 fellow system the performance is increased in very few simulations as can be seen in the yield table using logarithmic scales:
Accordingly simulations using the 4th simulator, version 3 and using the kinetics module designed for magnetic simulators #4 (version 14), it was stated that the containment of the fusion particles reaches almost 100% during the establishment of the magnetic field.
This could help because increase confirmation time over 100 microseconds would allow reaching ignition conditions without enhancement methods (that could be added after).
The data exposed in the excel table were calculated using a two coil system, where it was used the expected confination time. Here are the simulations for only 40 particles in one of the proposed configurations:
It is simulated using a new kinetic simulator the Miranda reactor in configuration named 3N30x0945 using protons over 500 keV. It is stated a margin of the 35% over the energy range to confine the particles. The Larmor radius will be under 40% of the thin plasma chamber.