The new chamber ERC-27 was tested using nuclear fuel and also magnetic mirrors. In test 4037 performed last week the chamber was damaged but could be repaired. Then it was repaired and made a second test, then the ERC-27 survived but not the launcher that is used to close the switch that was blown. The generated energy was 25% lower but it could be measured the magnetic field that blown the last record that is now over 10.5 Megateslas, but it can not be measured accurately because that it was 282% higher than the maximum level of the sensor and also higher than the scope scale. During 3.8 microseconds it was established the field over 2.5 Megateslas at the nuclear fuel surface, and also 35 kiloteslas at a larger distance.
It was tested in the ERC-21 chamber. It recovered 11 times more energy than test 4032 (test 4033 destroyed the ERC-22 so it was not measured). The test was repeated in test 4035 with a small improvement in the grounding, so it was improved the energy recovery by another 24% but the chamber suffered a small crack that must be repaired.
In test 4036, it was tested using thermonuclear fuel and magnetic mirrors using the chamber ERC-24, as a result, the pressure was about 20 times higher and the ERC-24 was blown away. It is very clear that thermonuclear fuel and magnetic mirrors generate a great fusion reaction, but the chamber must be reinforced
The engineers of Advanced Ignition SL were frustrated after the last tests, which only burned 5% of the injected fuel, and the energy generated was only 50% of the injected fuel.
The engineers introduced a new electro-optical resonance device system in the reactor that rejigged the entire process. The discovery allows them to increase the magnetic field 20-times and plays a pivotal role in nuclear fusion.
In a press release, Advanced Ignition SL said Pulsotron-3 led to a positive result. Pulsotron-3 demonstrated that the only way to overcome the 5-megateslas of the magnetic field is, to use the nuclear fusions and create another magnetic field.
It aligns the reactions to the reactor axis instead of spreading them randomly in the three axes.
According to the company’s press release, it facilitated the reduction in damaged parts and recovered the energy. After this, the new resonance system was included in the new chamber named ERC-22. Soon, fusion engineer Javier Luis Lopez mounted it over the Pulsotron-4’s capacitor bank and also charged in the chamber a tiny amount of nuclear fuel to carry out his experiment.
The capacitor bank was then slowly charged to its maximum capacity. This, however, must be done slowly after the last breakdown that avoids charging at top speed. The countdown soon began with the system switched on, and Oscilloscopes and Cameras were also fitted.
As a result, the most powerful blast was done in a fusion device which was about 40 times higher than expected. It was so powerful that it destroyed almost all the structures over the capacitor bank of the reactor.
The ERC-22 chamber was broken into small parts that were thrown against the fusion reactor structures making them generate a short circuit. Dozens of small pieces were projected again in the reactor shield that efficiently contained the blast.
As a result of the blast, almost all the structure over the capacitor bank was blown accounting for 40% of the Pulsotron-4 parts. The only explanation for the big blast is that almost all the nuclear fuel is burnt.
As a secondary result, the energy recovered was very low. As the used energy recovery coil was intentionally left out of the axis of the reactor, so with the right alignment, it can collect most of the electric energy.
To avoid that the pulsed energy generation destroys again the reactor the next combustion chamber will be thick and made of hard metal similar to truck cylinders as long as they will move large trucks. The market of truck engines is calculated 185 billion euros/year only in Europe.
While world fusion reactors suffer from lack of fusion generation, Pulsotron beats, again and again, the energy recovery records and generates pulses of million amps and generates blast 40 times higher than the injected energy.
Now it is time to control and collect that energy in a safe, clean, cheap and powerful fusion generator.
The volatilised ERC-22 will be replaced by combustion chambers ERC-23 and 24 that are now waiting for testing.
The next combustion chamber, ERC-27A and B are being built now and will be used to avoid any delay to have commercial reactors in the 400 kilowatts to 3.5 megawatts range.
With the discovery, Advanced Ignition reactors can generate enough power to accelerate its introduction in the market. Its utility may be seen at an electric-car charging station, desalination plants pumps, large trucks and Container ships.
The building, installing and adapting the Pulsotron reactors only in electric mobility will create 1.3 million jobs, will fill the shipyards with ships to be transformed and will further develop the heavy industry.
The Spanish startup Advanced Ignition SL operates the fusion reactors Pulsotron-3 and 4. Pulsotron-3 holds at present the world energy recovery record of 88% using a fusion reactor. They are focalized on improving the energy recovery to 200% and also selling turnkey investigation reactors. The company is located in Spain but can move to another country that needs to recover its industry and create jobs.
Pulsotron-4 is the only project to reduce to zero the world CO2 emissions in the short term.
Several tests using several recovery coils mounted on chamber ERC-16. The test S4027 that was equal to S4026 recovered 10% more energy. It was installed nonaligned electrooptical mirrors in test S4029 using ERC16. It was generated large internal pressure dismantling the mirrors.
It was tested the samples S4022-24 using ERC19 and samples S4025 and 26 using ERC16.
The test S4022 went wrong due to the scope setup used in the previous ones and the data was lost, so the test was repeated at test S4023 but the copper part of the ERC (electric recovery coil) that recovers planar electric waves made a short circuit and produced a blast during the charging of the main capacitor bank that had to be aborted, then it was repaired using a piece of paperboard and made the test but only 3.6% of the energy was recovered. It was repeated (test S4024) but exactly the same amount of energy was recovered.
Then it was placed on Pulsotron-4 the old ERC-16 with only two recovery coils to test what is better, one of them was built using a plumber torch joining several pieces of copper. As a result, I burn my hand as I am not expertise using the torch but doesn’t matter because 82.99% of the injected energy was recovered but one of the ERCs was not well fixed and was blown away. In test S4026 the ERC was fixed improving results to 114.43% that is good because is the first time that more energy is recovered than injected, but it is even better that there is a lot more room for improvements.
As long as the magnetic sensors hinder the energy recovery tests, they were removed
There was less energy recovery using Pulsotron-4 than using Pulsotron-3, so several tests were performed to fix that using configuration-2, so we improved in one test from 14.5% to 70%. That solution will be added to several others to help to generate more energy than used.
In the graph can be seen the old coil in blue and the new one that is grey. The other two plotlines correspond to other sensors:
We added some captures made during the tests:
Fortunately, only a launcher was broken during tests that were replaced immediately
It was made new tests using Configuration-2 but a low magnetic field was measured.
It was processed videos and data generated in the last test campaign revealing an intriguing capture that seems to be a soul in pain. Unfortunately, the flames revealed that plastics used in sealing burns due to tests, so it must be replaced by more harder isolation material
During the last test campaigns performed from 25 October 2020 until 7 of November, 9 tests were performed, and as a result, 1.6-2.57 megateslas was reached, or perhaps higher, but unfortunately our star oscilloscope of 4 gigahertz is out for calibration, but in the last test only 287 kiloteslas was obtained.
Then the magnetic sensor was removed so then an inspection revealed new damaged parts, then Pulsotron has dismantled again for inspection to see some plasma leakages discovered using the new high-speed cameras. and as a result, several parts must be changed.
As a result of the autopsy of the magnetic sensor, the high strength nylon custom case was broken so plasma entered into and severy burned the flex PCB board. In the following photo in the upper right corner can be observed the crack and the path used by the plasma to enter trough the PCB board
After the dismantling of the reactor, we must wait for spare parts to repair it. Also, a new configuration could be tested, but after repeat the last test using a new sensor that is now being building
After the first three tests, several parts of the fusion reactor were broken, so the parts are replaced and a general refurbishment was made, including new ERC, new magnetic sensor-5, and large shield to stop alpha particles and X rays to allow to make tests using thermonuclear fuel.
The new Pulsotron-4C2 is active and full operative now. Here is an image of its first test with new parts:
At this test campaign, it was tested the new magnetic sensor MAG5 that is designed to measure magnetic fields up to 4 gigahertz and withstand ten times larger magnetic fields than the old MAG4 sensor.
As a result in the test 4002 the magnetic field was so large that saturated oscilloscope channels corresponding for the two more close sensors, giving 3.92 Megateslas at the third
At test 4003 it was measured 2.67Megateslas, but the magnetic sensor was broken. Also, several isolation parts of the Pulsotron was broken and must be replaced.
As a conclusion, the performance of Pulsotron-4 generates 5.3 times larger magnetic fields than Pulsotron-3
In order to measure the Time of Flight (TOF) and plasma ball expansion, it was installed three oscilloscope probes connected to three dipole sensors installed sequentially, that measure the electric resistivity of the passing plasma through the dipoles.